The United States has entered into an exchange and military visitation agreement with the Government of Mongolia.22 As part of the agreement, Article X deals with the criminal jurisdiction of U.S. personnel in Mongolia. The language of the agreement states that “the U.S. military authorities have the right to exercise, within Mongolia, the entire criminal and disciplinary jurisdiction over the United States, vested in them by U.S. military laws. All offences committed against Mongolian laws committed by a member of the U.S. military are referred to the appropriate U.S. authorities for investigation and order. 23 The agreement allows the Government of Mongolia to ask the United States to establish jurisdiction in cases of alleged criminal conduct that has nothing to do with the official obligation 24.24 There is no obligation for the United States to waive jurisdiction solely to “favourably consider” such a request25 The text of this agreement is available in georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2007/11/20071126-11.html (hereafter the “declaration of principle”). A historical perspective on U.S. operations in Iraq and issues related to Iraqi governance and security can be found in the report CRS RL31339, Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, by [author name scrubbed] and CRS Report RL33793, Iraq: Regional Outlook and U.S. Policy, coordinated by [author name scrubbed].

agreement on the status, obligations, management and implementation of the U.S. Military Training Mission, known as the United States Military Assistance Advisory Group, on the Agreement on Saudi Arabia under Article V of the Treaty of Mutual Defence on U.S. Facilities and Territories and The Status of the United States Armed Forces in Korea (17 U.S.T. 1677), cited Mutual Defense Treaty (5 U.T.2368) The United States entered into a sofa with Australia and the Philippines after the conclusion of contracts with the countries concerned. In the case of Australia, the U.S. Senate recommended ratification of the DEINS136 pact in 1952. In 1963, nine years after the ratification of the pact, Australia and the United States reached an agreement on the status of the United States. The United States entered into a SOFA with the Philippines in 1993 after concluding a mutual defence agreement with the country in 1952.138 Agreements with Australia and the Philippines can be distinguished from agreements with Japan and Korea, as they cite the general obligations arising from the previous agreement, while the agreements with Japan and Korea refer to a specific authority (i.e. Article VI and Article V) that are included in the treaty.