The forging of the Soviet-Cuban alliance in the years following Fidel Castro`s revolution in January 1959, synchronized with a growing division between Washington and Havana, was one of the tectonic developments of the Cold War. On the Soviet side in particular, much evidence emerged of the relations between the two communist countries and their charismatic leaders Castro and Nikita Khrushchev, which culminated in the October 1962 missile crisis (and the mostly secret Soviet-Cuban crisis that followed in November). [1] However, many things remain closed in the key phase of their alliance. Both americans and Soviets were disenchanted with the Cuban Missile Crisis. The following year, a direct “hot line” communication link between Washington and Moscow was set up to defuse similar situations, and the superpowers signed two nuclear weapons contracts. But the Cold War was and the nuclear arms race was far from over. In fact, another legacy of the crisis was that it convinced the Soviets to increase their investment in an arsenal of intercontinental missiles capable of reaching the United States from Soviet territory. The Cuban Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962 (Spanish: October Crisis), the Caribbean Crisis (Russian: Карибский кризис, tr. Karibsky krizis, IAP: [kɐˈrjipskjɪj ˈkrjizjɪs]) or the fear of missiles, was a month, 4 days (October 16 – November 20, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union caused by the deployment of Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba. The confrontation is often seen as the next one that degenerated the Cold War into a global nuclear war. [2] For U.S. officials, the urgency of the situation is due to the fact that Cuban nuclear missiles were installed so close to the American continent, just 90 miles south of Florida. From that starting point, they were able to quickly achieve goals in the eastern United States.

If the missiles were to be operational, they would fundamentally change the conditions of the nuclear rivalry between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), dominated until then by the Americans. Fifty years ago, the Cuban Missile Crisis brought the world to the brink of a nuclear catastrophe. During the stalemate, the US president thought John F. Kennedy, the probability of an escalation in war is “between 1 to 3 and even,” and what we learned in the decades that followed did not prolong those chances. .